1. Protective factors against transmission of violent family relations across the life span (e.g., re-victimization, intergenerational continuity of abuse)
2. Protective mechanisms against transmission of psychopathology and violent behaviors among family members in the context of stress (e.g., crossover and spillover effects, secondary traumatization)
3. Effectiveness of evidence-based interventions and prevention programs designed to facilitate family relationships and child’s adjustment in the context of traumatic stress.
Current research projects:
Couples’ interaction and relationship quality after deployment: Implications for prevention programs with deployed military families. This study is nested within a larger NIDA-funded prevention program, ADAPT (After Deployment Adaptive Parenting Tools), for military families following deployment to war. This program investigates the effectiveness of a web enhanced parenting-training program based on Parent Management Training-Oregon Model (PMTO). Whereas the effectiveness of the program in preventing child delinquency is well documented, not much is known about the effectiveness of the program for marital relationships. The study aims to examine the effectiveness of the program in improving parents’ emotion regulation, mindfulness, couple interaction, and marital quality, and in building protective factors for secondary traumatization. The study uses longitudinal observational assessments of couples’ interactions combined with surveys.
Risk and protective factors for transmission of abusive relationships across life. The study seeks to validate theories of re-victimization, as well as to explore protective mechanisms against re-victimization. While the majority of studies on re-victimization relied on cross-sectional data and focused on risk factors, the current study utilizes 32-year prospective data from the Minnesota Longitudinal Study of Risk and Adaptation to explore whether dissociation explains reoccurrence of abusive family relationships across life and whether individual and social factors can protect against it.
Resilience of children and families exposed to rocket attacks in Israel. Using observational and self-report measures, this study explores the association between parental mental health, observed parenting skills, and child adjustment (internalizing and externalizing behaviors) following exposure to ongoing political violence.
Gewirtz, A. H., DeGarmo, D. S., & Zamir, O. (in press). After Deployment, Adaptive Parenting Tools: One-year outcomes of an evidence-based parenting program for military families. Prevention Science
Zhang, N., Rudi, J., Zamir, O., & Gewirtz, A. (in press). Parent engagement in online mindfulness exercises within a parent training program for post-deployed military families. Mindfulness
Zamir, O., & Gewirtz, A. H., & Zhang, N. (in press). The interdependent associations of mindfulness and marital quality among military couples. Journal of Family Relations.
Gewirtz, A.H., DeGarmo, D., & Zamir, O. (in press). Testing a military family stress model. Family Process
Tangir, G., Dekel, R., Lavi, T., Gewirtz, A. H., Zamir, O. (2017). Children's adjustment in a climate of political violence: Comparing mother and child reports. Journal of Child and Family Studies, 1-10.
Zamir, O., Gewirtz, A. H., Labella, M., DeGarmo, D. S., & Snyder, J. J. (2017). Experiential avoidance, communication, and marital quality in intimate relationships of military couples. Journal of Family Issues
Tangir, G., Dekel, R., Lavi, T., Gewirtz, A. H., Zamir, O. (2016). The contribution of maternal dimensions and community type to children's adjustment in a continuous security threat. Psychological Trauma: Theory, Resech, Practice and Policy, 9, 122-129.
Snyder, J. J., Gewirtz, A. H., Schrepfermana, L. P., Girda, S. R., Quattlebauma, J., Pauldinea, M. R., Elisha, K., Zamir, O., & Hayesa, H. (in press). The role of relationship quality in the family transmission of symptoms to child externalizing and internalizing problems following fathers’ combat-related trauma exposure. Development and Psychopathology.
Gewirtz, A. H., DeGarmo, D. S., & Zamir, O. (2016). Effects of a military parenting program on parental distress and suicidal ideation: After Deployment Adaptive Parenting Tools. Journal of Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior, 46, 23-31.
Zamir, O., & Lavee, Y. (2016). Emotional regulation and revictimization in women’s intimate relationships. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 31, 147–162. doi: 10.1177/0886260514555125
Davis, L., Hanson, S., Zamir, O., Gewirtz, A. H., & DeGarmo, D. S. (2015). Associations of contextual risk and protective factors with fathers’ parenting practices in the post-deployment environment. Psychological Services, 12, 250-260. doi: 10.1037/ser0000038
Zamir, O., & Lavee, Y. (2015). Emotional awareness and breaking the cycle of revictimization. Journal of Family Violence, 30, 675-684. doi:10.1007/s10896-015-9711-0
Zamir, O., & Lavee, Y. (2014). Psychological mindedness as a protective factor against revictimization in intimate relationships. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 70, 849-859. doi:10.1002/jclp.22061
Melamed, Y., Zamir, O., Doron, A., Gelbard, Y., & Bleich .A. (2008). Decision making concerning guardianship: Who is the person that no longer has the capacity to make decisions regarding personal matters? Harefua, 147, 53-70. (Hebrew)
Gewirtz, A. H., & Zamir, O. (2014). The impact of parental deployment to war on children: The crucial role of parenting. In J. Benson (Ed.), Advances in child development and behavior (Vol. 46, pp. 89Vol.). Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Press